Krka National Park (Croatian: Nacionalni park Krka) is one of the Croatian national parks, named after the river Krka. It is located along the middle-lower course of the Krka River in central Dalmatia, in Šibenik-Knin county, just a few kilometers northeast of the city of Šibenik It is the seventh national park in Croatia and was proclaimed a national park in 1985. This confirmed the exceptional value of its natural phenomena, the beauty of the karst river and its cultural and historical monuments.
With 46 meters height extends to 7 limestone steps and is the largest travertine barrier in Europe. Considering to that, river creates various geomorphological forms, exceptional wealth of flora and fauna. Also, the area of Krka River abounds in cultural and historical monuments – traces of human creation since prehistoric times, Roman traces (military camp Burnum), medieval fortresses ruins from 14th century (Ključica, Trošenj,..), sacral strucutures (the Franscan Church and monastery Our Lady of Visovac on the island VIsovac) and the many water mills and washing columns of rural architecture.
*All informations provided here are taken from the offical Krka National Park web site http://www.np-krka.hr/, 15.09.2016
The Skradinski buk waterfall, the longest waterfall on the Krka River, is one of the best known natural beauties of Croatia. The cascades are composed of travertine barriers, islands, and lakes. They can be viewed throughout the entire year thanks to a network of paths and bridges that enable comfortable and safe walking. On the marked area is allowed and swimming. Several renovated water mills, rolling mills, and washing columns that for centuries have utilized the power of the river are also located there. Preserving the traditional folk architecture individual mills have been turned into souvenir shops, while others have been transformed into exhibition areas for ethnographic collections. The Skradinski buk Ethno Village at Krka National Park recently received the prestigious Golden Flower of Europe award in 2006, in a competition among several thousand sites.
Visovac Island is among Croatia's most valuable natural and cultural values. The Franciscan Monastery of Our Lady of Mercy and the Church of Our Lady of Visovac have stood here since 1445. The monastery houses a valuable archaeological collection, a collection of historical church linens and dishes anda rich library, with several historical manuscripts, valuable books and incunabula. Due to the centuries of worship of the Mother of God, this island is often called Our Lady’s Island. Visovac has always attracted pilgrims, who today arrive via the organized boat excursions of Krka National Park.
The Roman military camp Burnum stands a gem of ancient history located in hidden area of Dalmatinska zagora region. Visitors can view the arches of the command building in the camp, the only military amphitheatre in Croatia (near the village of Ivoševci) and several walls of the military exercises area. The archaeological artefacts dug up from this locality (weapons, tools, daily use items) are on display at the Archaeological Collection Burnum in Puljani, opened in 2010. The locality and archaeological collection are open for visitors during the whole year.
The Krka Monastery the spiritual centre of the Orthodox faith, stands 3.5 kilometres east of Kistanje, in a bay on the Krka River. A church built in the Byzantine style stands next to the monastery. Below the church there are ancient Roman catacombs, which are open to visitors.
Just several hundred metres from the Burnum archaeological locality, the Manojlovac slap waterfall is found along the road Knin - Kistanje.
This is the third waterfall in the series, the tallest and considered by many to be the loveliest waterfall on the Krka River. The waterfall consists of a series of travertine barriers, with a total height of 59.6 m. The largest barrier is 32.2 m high. In 2011, the trail with viewpoint was cleared and reopened to visitors. At that time, a plaque in honour of Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I was revealed, as it was at this very spot that the emperor, together with his wife Elizabeth, admired the beauty of Manoljovac slap.
Visitors to Krka National Park can view the restored ethnological monuments, to become better acquainted with the customs of this region. The water mills in the national park belong to the system of pre-industrial water plants on the Krka River. They have always symbolized the economic power of the region, and were a frequent source of conflict over history. The preserved water mills are from the 19th century and have exceptional cultural and historical significance as monuments of rural architecture and our economic past. At the restored water mills of Krka National Park, it is possible to watch presentations of milling wheat, washing and pounding of cloth, weaving of fabrics and floor mats, horseshoe smithing, ploughing, planting, the preparation of food in the old kitchens and more.
Roški slap is also called the 'vast waterfall', and is made up of a 22.5 m high main waterfall and countless backwaters, cascades and travertine islands. It is situated about 36 km downstream of the Krka River spring. The start of the barrier is made up of a series of small cascades (called the 'necklace' by the locals), followed by numerous backwaters and islets. Between Roški waterfall and Oziđana pećina cave there are 517 wooden steps. Over the waterfall, there is a road that dates back to Roman times. Throughout most of Roški slap, the natural environment is pristine and of great interest to nature lovers. On the left bank are a series of attractive water mills, several of which have been restored and returned to their original function.
The complex of water mills at Roški slap is among the most interesting and prized ethnographic monuments in Dalmatia and Croatia.
Oziđana pećina, a locality within the framework of the educational walking trail Stinice - Roški slap - Oziđana pećina, is a site of exceptional natural, cultural and historical significance. Archaeological research has confirmed the presence in the cave of all the Neolithic cultures of the Adriatic region (Impresso, Danilo and Hvar cultures) and Eneolithic cultures, from the early to the middle Bronze Age. There is a record of continuous human presence in the cave from 5000 to 1500 B.C. An in situ archaeological collection has been put on display in the cave.
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